Alloy Properties

Stainless Steel Alloys Overview

An overview of our most popular stainless steel alloys, their chemical compositions, and typical applications.

UNSAlloy  Description  Typical Applications  
S30400 304
304L
19% chromium, 9% nickel, general purpose stainless Aircraft hydraulic lines, heat exchangers, surgical instruments
S31000 310 25% chromium-20% nickel with good strength to 1900°F Furnace muffles, thermocouple sheaths, temperature controls, electrical instruments
S31600  316
316L
17% chromium-12% nickel-2% molybdenum, with excellent acid corrosion resistance Chemical processing equipment, pressure gauges, Bourdon springs
S32100  321 18% chromium - 11% nickel stabilized with titanium Aircraft hydraulic lines, chemical and electrical instrumentation
S34700  347 18% chromium - 11% nickel stabilized with niobium Applications 50 1500°F, fuel lines, pumps and valves for aerospace industry

S40300
S41000 

403
410
12% chromium heat- treatable martensitic alloy Bourdon springs, medical instruments, guided missile rocket components
S43000  430 17% chromium ferritic alloy with good corrosion resistance to 1400°F Gas & oil burners, dairy equipment
S44600  446 27% chromium ferritic alloy with good oxidation resistance to 2000°F Gas & oil burners, chemical equipment, fire detection equipment, thermostatic controls
S66286  A-286 Heat - treatable austenitic alloy with good oxidation resistance to 2000°F Jet engine combustion tubes, cryogenic applications

Most alloys are available as seamless or welded and drawn tubing.

All raw material is subjected to Tube Methods' rigid incoming inspection procedure before being approved for redrawing.

For further information, please contact Tube Methods' Sales Department.


Stainless Steel Alloys Mechanical Properties

Properties for tubing .125" OD or larger with .015" wall or heavier.

Alloy  Temper  Tensile Strength KSI  Yield Strength KSI  Minimum Elongation in 2" (%)  Rockwell Hardness*  
304
304L
Annealed
Half Hard
Full Hard
100 max.
110-140
140 min.
25-45
70-110
110 min.
35
15
7
B 90 max.
B 93 - C 30
C 22 min.
310 Annealed
Half Hard
Full Hard
100 max.
115-135
140 min.
35-55
75-115
115 min
35
15
5
B 95 max.
B 95 - C 26
C 24 min.
316
316L
Annealed
Half Hard
Full Hard
100 max.
110-140
140 min.
30-50
70-110
110 min.
35
15
6
B 95 max.
B 95 - C 26
C 24 min.
321 Annealed
Half Hard
Full Hard
100 max.
110-140
140 min.
35-55
80-120
120 min.
35
15
6
B 92 max.
B 95 - C 26
C 24 min.
347 Annealed
Half Hard
Full Hard
100 max.
110-140
140 min.
35-55
80-120
120 min.
35
15
6
B 92 max.
B 95 - C 26
C 24 min.
403
410
Annealed
Half Hard
Full Hard
85 max.
85-100
100 min.
30-50
65-85
85 min.
35
15
5
B 95 max.
B 90 - B 100
C 96 min.
430 Annealed
Half Hard
Full Hard
85 max.
82-97
98 min.
35-50
60-90
85 min.
35
15
5
B 90 max.
B 85 - B 98
C 93 min.
446 Annealed
Half Hard
Full Hard
95 max.
95-115
115 min.
40-75
70-90
85 min.
35
15
4
B 95 max.
B 90 - C 24
B 96 min.
A-286 Annealed
Half Hard
Full Hard
1010 max.
115-140
140 min.
35-65
80-110
110 min.
35
15
3
B 95 max.
B 96 - C 26
C 26 min.

(1) In cases of dispute between tensile strength and hardness, tensile strength will take precedence.

Special tempers are available. Please contact our Sales Department with your specific requirement.


High Temperature & Corrosion Resistant Alloys Overview

An overview of our most popular high temperature and corrosion resistant alloys, their chemical compositions, and typical applications.

UNSAlloy  Description  Typical Applications  
 N06600 600 Nickel-chromium alloy with good oxidation resistance to 2000°F. Resists stress-corrosion cracking. Thermocouple sheaths, furnace muffles, heat exchangers
N06625  625 Nickel-chromium alloy with strength and oxidation resistance to 2000°F. Rocket thrust chambers, spray bars, heat exchangers
N07718  718 Age-hardening, nickel-chromium alloy with high strength to 1300°F. Heat exchangers, O-rings
N07750  X-750 Age-hardening, nickel-chromium alloy with good corrosion and oxidation resistance. Useful strength to 1800°F. Rocket engine heat exchangers, thermocouple sheaths
R30188  188 Cobalt base alloy with good high temperature strength to 1800°F, and oxidation resistance to 2100°F. Gas turbine applications, spray bars
N06022  C-22 Nickel-chromium-molybdenum alloy with excellent resistance to oxidizing and reducing environments. Chemical transport tubes, heat exchangers
N10276  C-276 Nickel-molybdenum-chromium alloy resistant to oxidizing and reducing media to 2000°F. Chemical processing equipment
N06002  X Nickel-chromium-molybdenum-iron alloy with outstanding creep-rupture properties to 1600°F, and useful strength to 2150°F. Spray bars, heaters
R30605  L-605 Cobalt-chromium-tungsten-nickel alloy with excellent strength and good oxidation resistance to 1800°F. Jet engine parts, spray bars, thermocouple sheaths
N09902  902 Age-hardening iron-nickel alloy with good corrosion resistance. High strength with low hysteresis in mechanical applications. Bourdon springs
N05500 K-500 Age-hardening nickel-copper alloy with excellent corrosion resistance. Bourdon springs, pump sleeves and bushings
S31000  310 25% chromium, 20% nickel-stainless steel with good strength to 1900°F. Furnace muffles, thermocouple sheaths
S66286  A-286 A heat-treatable stainless steel with good strength and oxidation resistance to 1200°F. Jet engine combustion tubes, cryogenic applications
S44600  446 High-chromium stainless steel which resists scaling to 2100°F. Furnace muffles, chemical equipment, capillary tubing
N06230  230 Nickel-chromium-tungsten alloy with excellent strength and oxidation resistance to 2100°F. Furnace muffles, strand annealing tubes, thermocouple sheaths
R30556  556 Iron-nickel-chromium-cobalt alloy resistant to sulfidizing, carburizing, and chlorine environments at high temperatures. Waste heat recuperators, chemical waste incinerators
N06102  IN 102 Nickel-chromium alloy with good elevated temperature strength and oxidation resistance. Spray bars

Most alloys are available as seamless or welded and drawn tubing.

All raw material is subjected to Tube Methods' rigid incoming inspection procedure before being approved for redrawing.

For further information, please contact Tube Methods' Sales Department.


High Temperature & Corrosion Resistant Alloys Mechanical Properties

Properties for tubing .125" OD or larger with .015" wall or heavier.

Alloy  Temper  Tensile Strength KSI  Yield Strength KSI  Minimum Elongation in 2" (%)  Rockwell Hardness*  
600 Annealed
Half Hard
Full Hard
110 max.
110-130
130 min.
35-55
55-95
95 min.
30
13
4
B 90 max.
B 93 - C 20
C 20 min.
625 Annealed
Half Hard
Full Hard
150 max.
140-180
170 min.
60-90
115-1155
150 min
35
15
5
C 25 max.
C 20 - C 35
C 35 min.
718 Annealed
Half Hard
Full Hard
155 max.
140-190
140 min.
40-85
90-150
140 min.
30
7
3
C 25 max.
C 25 - C 38
C 35 min.
X-750 Annealed
Half Hard
Full Hard
125 max.
150-180
170 min.
45-70
85-125
120 min.
38
15
3
B 100 max.
C 25 - C 38
C 39 min.
188 Annealed
Half Hard
Full Hard
150 max.
150-180
170 min.
40-90
90-150
140 min.
30
15
4
C 25 max.
C 25 - C 40
C 40 min.
C-22 Annealed
Half Hard
Full Hard
130 max.
140-170
170 min.
60-90
85-115
115 min.
35
15
4
C 25 max.
C 25 - C 135
C 35 min.
C-276 Annealed
Half Hard
Full Hard
130 max.
140-170
170 min.
60-590
85-115
115 min.
35
15
4
C 25 max.
C 25 - C 35
C 35 min.
X Annealed
Half Hard
Full Hard
120 max.
130-160
160 min.
50-85
85-115
115 min.
35
15
4
B 98 max.
C 25 - C 35
C 35 min.
L-605 Annealed
Half Hard
Full Hard
160 max.
170-200
200-240 min.
50-90
95-130
130 min.
35
15
5
C 25 max.
C 25 - C 35
C 30 min.
902 Annealed
Half Hard
Full Hard
105 max.
105-125
125 min.
33-55
65-105
105 min.
30
10
3
B 85 max.
B 90 - C 25
C 25 min.
K-500 Annealed
Half Hard
Full Hard
110 max.
110-130
130 min.
40-65
65-95
95 min.
28
10
4
B 95 max.
B 96 - C 23
C 23 min.
310 Annealed
Half Hard
Full Hard
100 max.
115-135
135 min.
35-55
75-115
115 min.
35
15
5
B 95 max.
B 96 - C 26
C 24 min.
A-286 Annealed
Half Hard
Full Hard
110 max.
115-140
140 min.
35-65
80-110
110 min.
25
10
3
B 95 max.
B 96 - C 26
C 26 min.
446 Annealed
Half Hard
Full Hard
95 max.
95-115
115 min.
40-75
70-90
85 min.
18
10
4
B 95 max.
B 90 - C 24
C 24 min.
2302 Annealed 110 max. 45-85 40 B 95 max.
5562 Annealed 100 max. 45-85 40 B 95 max.
IN 1022 Annealed 120 max. 60 min. 35 B 98 max.

(1) In cases of dispute between tensile strength and hardness, tensile strength will take precedence.

(2) Insufficient data available to publish data for half and full hard tempers.

Special tempers are available. Please contact our Sales Department with your specific requirement.